LibVNCServer/LibVNCClient
vnc2mpg.c

Simple movie writer for vnc; based on Libavformat API example from FFMPEGCopyright (c) 2003 Fabrice Bellard, 2004 Johannes E. Schindelin Updates copyright (c) 2017 Tyrel M. McQueen

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <libavformat/avformat.h>
#include <libswscale/swscale.h>
#include <rfb/rfbclient.h>
#define VNC_PIX_FMT AV_PIX_FMT_RGB565 /* pixel format generated by VNC client */
#define OUTPUT_PIX_FMT AV_PIX_FMT_YUV420P /* default pix_fmt */
static int write_packet(AVFormatContext *oc, const AVRational *time_base, AVStream *st, AVPacket *pkt)
{
/* rescale output packet timestamp values from codec to stream timebase */
av_packet_rescale_ts(pkt, *time_base, st->time_base);
pkt->stream_index = st->index;
/* Write the compressed frame to the media file. */
return av_interleaved_write_frame(oc, pkt);
}
/*************************************************/
/* video functions */
/* a wrapper around a single output video stream */
typedef struct {
AVStream *st;
AVCodec *codec;
AVCodecContext *enc;
int64_t pts;
AVFrame *frame;
AVFrame *tmp_frame;
struct SwsContext *sws;
/* Add an output video stream. */
int add_video_stream(VideoOutputStream *ost, AVFormatContext *oc,
enum AVCodecID codec_id, int64_t br, int sr, int w, int h)
{
int i;
/* find the encoder */
ost->codec = avcodec_find_encoder(codec_id);
if (!(ost->codec)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not find encoder for '%s'\n",
avcodec_get_name(codec_id));
return -1;
} // no extra memory allocation from this call
if (ost->codec->type != AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
fprintf(stderr, "Encoder for '%s' does not seem to be for video.\n",
avcodec_get_name(codec_id));
return -2;
}
ost->enc = avcodec_alloc_context3(ost->codec);
if (!(ost->enc)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not alloc an encoding context\n");
return -3;
} // from now on need to call avcodec_free_context(&(ost->enc)) on error
/* Set codec parameters */
ost->enc->codec_id = codec_id;
ost->enc->bit_rate = br;
/* Resolution must be a multiple of two (round up to avoid buffer overflow). */
ost->enc->width = w + (w % 2);
ost->enc->height = h + (h % 2);
/* timebase: This is the fundamental unit of time (in seconds) in terms
* of which frame timestamps are represented. For fixed-fps content,
* timebase should be 1/framerate and timestamp increments should be
* identical to 1. */
ost->enc->time_base = (AVRational){ 1, sr };
ost->enc->gop_size = 12; /* emit one intra frame every twelve frames at most */
ost->enc->pix_fmt = OUTPUT_PIX_FMT;
if (ost->enc->codec_id == AV_CODEC_ID_MPEG1VIDEO) {
/* Needed to avoid using macroblocks in which some coeffs overflow.
* This does not happen with normal video, it just happens here as
* the motion of the chroma plane does not match the luma plane. */
ost->enc->mb_decision = 2;
}
ost->st = avformat_new_stream(oc, ost->codec);
if (!ost->st) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not allocate stream\n");
avcodec_free_context(&(ost->enc));
return -4;
} // stream memory cleared up when oc is freed, so no need to do so later in this function on error
ost->st->id = oc->nb_streams-1;
ost->st->time_base = ost->enc->time_base;
ost->pts = 0;
/* Some formats want stream headers to be separate. */
if (oc->oformat->flags & AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER)
ost->enc->flags |= AV_CODEC_FLAG_GLOBAL_HEADER;
// must wait to allocate frame buffers until codec is opened (in case codec changes the PIX_FMT)
return 0;
}
AVFrame *alloc_picture(enum AVPixelFormat pix_fmt, int width, int height)
{
AVFrame *picture;
int ret;
picture = av_frame_alloc();
if (!picture)
return NULL;
// from now on need to call av_frame_free(&picture) on error
picture->format = pix_fmt;
picture->width = width;
picture->height = height;
/* allocate the buffers for the frame data */
ret = av_frame_get_buffer(picture, 64);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not allocate frame data.\n");
av_frame_free(&picture);
return NULL;
}
return picture;
} // use av_frame_free(&picture) to free memory from this call
int open_video(AVFormatContext *oc, VideoOutputStream *ost)
{
int ret;
/* open the codec */
ret = avcodec_open2(ost->enc, ost->codec, NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not open video codec: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
return ret;
} // memory from this call freed when oc is freed, no need to do it on error in this call
/* copy the stream parameters to the muxer */
ret = avcodec_parameters_from_context(ost->st->codecpar, ost->enc);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not copy the stream parameters.\n");
return ret;
} // memory from this call is freed when oc (parent of ost->st) is freed, no need to do it on error in this call
/* allocate and init a re-usable frame */
ost->frame = alloc_picture(ost->enc->pix_fmt, ost->enc->width, ost->enc->height);
if (!(ost->frame)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not allocate video frame\n");
return -1;
} // from now on need to call av_frame_free(&(ost->frame)) on error
/* If the output format is not the same as the VNC format, then a temporary VNC format
* picture is needed too. It is then converted to the required
* output format. */
ost->tmp_frame = NULL;
ost->sws = NULL;
if (ost->enc->pix_fmt != VNC_PIX_FMT) {
ost->tmp_frame = alloc_picture(VNC_PIX_FMT, ost->enc->width, ost->enc->height);
if (!(ost->tmp_frame)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not allocate temporary picture\n");
av_frame_free(&(ost->frame));
return -2;
} // from now on need to call av_frame_free(&(ost->tmp_frame)) on error
ost->sws = sws_getCachedContext(ost->sws, ost->enc->width, ost->enc->height, VNC_PIX_FMT, ost->enc->width, ost->enc->height, ost->enc->pix_fmt, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL);
if (!(ost->sws)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not get sws context\n");
av_frame_free(&(ost->frame));
av_frame_free(&(ost->tmp_frame));
return -3;
} // from now on need to call sws_freeContext(ost->sws); ost->sws = NULL; on error
}
return 0;
}
/*
* encode current video frame and send it to the muxer
* return 0 on success, negative on error
*/
int write_video_frame(AVFormatContext *oc, VideoOutputStream *ost, int64_t pts)
{
int ret, ret2;
AVPacket pkt = { 0 };
if (pts <= ost->pts) return 0; // nothing to do
/* convert format if needed */
if (ost->tmp_frame) {
sws_scale(ost->sws, (const uint8_t * const *)ost->tmp_frame->data,
ost->tmp_frame->linesize, 0, ost->enc->height, ost->frame->data, ost->frame->linesize);
}
/* send the imager to encoder */
ost->pts = pts;
ost->frame->pts = ost->pts;
ret = avcodec_send_frame(ost->enc, ost->frame);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error sending video frame to encoder: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
return ret;
}
/* read all available packets */
ret2 = 0;
for (ret = avcodec_receive_packet(ost->enc, &pkt); ret == 0; ret = avcodec_receive_packet(ost->enc, &pkt)) {
ret2 = write_packet(oc, &(ost->enc->time_base), ost->st, &pkt);
if (ret2 < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error while writing video frame: %s\n", av_err2str(ret2));
/* continue on this error to not gum up encoder */
}
}
if (ret2 < 0) return ret2;
if (!(ret == AVERROR(EAGAIN))) return ret; // if AVERROR(EAGAIN), means all available packets output, need more frames (i.e. success)
return 0;
}
/*
* Write final video frame (i.e. drain codec).
*/
int write_final_video_frame(AVFormatContext *oc, VideoOutputStream *ost)
{
int ret, ret2;
AVPacket pkt = { 0 };
/* send NULL image to encoder */
ret = avcodec_send_frame(ost->enc, NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error sending final video frame to encoder: %s\n", av_err2str(ret));
return ret;
}
/* read all available packets */
ret2 = 0;
for (ret = avcodec_receive_packet(ost->enc, &pkt); ret == 0; ret = avcodec_receive_packet(ost->enc, &pkt)) {
ret2 = write_packet(oc, &(ost->enc->time_base), ost->st, &pkt);
if (ret2 < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error while writing final video frame: %s\n", av_err2str(ret2));
/* continue on this error to not gum up encoder */
}
}
if (ret2 < 0) return ret2;
if (!(ret == AVERROR(EOF))) return ret;
return 0;
}
{
avcodec_free_context(&(ost->enc));
av_frame_free(&(ost->frame));
av_frame_free(&(ost->tmp_frame));
sws_freeContext(ost->sws); ost->sws = NULL;
ost->codec = NULL; /* codec not an allocated item */
ost->st = NULL; /* freeing parent oc will free this memory */
}
/**************************************************************/
/* Output movie handling */
AVFormatContext *movie_open(char *filename, VideoOutputStream *video_st, int br, int fr, int w, int h) {
int ret;
AVFormatContext *oc;
/* allocate the output media context. */
ret = avformat_alloc_output_context2(&oc, NULL, NULL, filename);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Warning: Could not deduce output format from file extension: using MP4.\n");
ret = avformat_alloc_output_context2(&oc, NULL, "mp4", filename);
}
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: Could not allocate media context: %s.\n", av_err2str(ret));
return NULL;
} // from now on, need to call avformat_free_context(oc); oc=NULL; to free memory on error
/* Add the video stream using the default format codec and initialize the codec. */
if (oc->oformat->video_codec != AV_CODEC_ID_NONE) {
ret = add_video_stream(video_st, oc, oc->oformat->video_codec, br, fr, w, h);
} else {
ret = -1;
}
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: chosen output format does not have a video codec, or error %i\n", ret);
avformat_free_context(oc); oc = NULL;
return NULL;
} // from now on, need to call close_video_stream(video_st) to free memory on error
/* Now that all the parameters are set, we can open the codecs and allocate the necessary encode buffers. */
ret = open_video(oc, video_st);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error: error opening video codec, error %i\n", ret);
close_video_stream(video_st);
avformat_free_context(oc); oc = NULL;
return NULL;
} // no additional calls required to free memory, as close_video_stream(video_st) will do it
/* open the output file, if needed */
if (!(oc->oformat->flags & AVFMT_NOFILE)) {
ret = avio_open(&oc->pb, filename, AVIO_FLAG_WRITE);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Could not open '%s': %s\n", filename,
av_err2str(ret));
close_video_stream(video_st);
avformat_free_context(oc); oc = NULL;
return NULL;
}
} // will need to call avio_closep(&oc->pb) to free file handle on error
/* Write the stream header, if any. */
ret = avformat_write_header(oc, NULL);
if (ret < 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error occurred when writing to output file: %s\n",
av_err2str(ret));
if (!(oc->oformat->flags & AVFMT_NOFILE))
avio_closep(&oc->pb);
close_video_stream(video_st);
avformat_free_context(oc); oc = NULL;
} // no additional items to free
return oc;
}
void movie_close(AVFormatContext **ocp, VideoOutputStream *video_st) {
AVFormatContext *oc = *ocp;
/* Write the trailer, if any. The trailer must be written before you
* close the CodecContexts open when you wrote the header; otherwise
* av_write_trailer() may try to use memory that was freed on
* av_codec_close(). */
if (oc) {
if (video_st)
write_final_video_frame(oc, video_st);
av_write_trailer(oc);
/* Close the video codec. */
close_video_stream(video_st);
if (!(oc->oformat->flags & AVFMT_NOFILE))
/* Close the output file. */
avio_closep(&oc->pb);
/* free the stream */
avformat_free_context(oc);
ocp = NULL;
}
}
/**************************************************************/
/* VNC globals */
VideoOutputStream video_st = { 0 };
rfbClient *client = NULL;
char *filename = NULL;
AVFormatContext *oc = NULL;
int bitrate = 1000000;
int framerate = 5;
long max_time = 0;
struct timespec start_time, cur_time;
/* Signal handling */
void signal_handler(int signal) {
}
/* returns time since start in pts units */
int64_t time_to_pts(int framerate, struct timespec *start_time, struct timespec *cur_time) {
time_t ds = cur_time->tv_sec - start_time->tv_sec;
long dns = cur_time->tv_nsec - start_time->tv_nsec;
/* use usecs */
int64_t dt = (int64_t)ds*(int64_t)1000000+(int64_t)dns/(int64_t)1000;
/* compute rv in units of frame number (rounding to nearest, not truncating) */
int64_t rv = (((int64_t)framerate)*dt + (int64_t)500000) / (int64_t)(1000000);
return rv;
}
/* VNC callback functions */
movie_close(&oc, &video_st);
oc = movie_open(filename, &video_st, bitrate, framerate, client->width, client->height);
if (!oc)
return FALSE;
signal(SIGINT,signal_handler);
signal(SIGTERM,signal_handler);
signal(SIGQUIT,signal_handler);
signal(SIGABRT,signal_handler);
/* These assignments assumes the AVFrame buffer is contigous. This is true in current ffmpeg versions for
* most non-HW accelerated bits, but may not be true globally. */
if(video_st.tmp_frame)
client->frameBuffer=video_st.tmp_frame->data[0];
else
client->frameBuffer=video_st.frame->data[0];
return TRUE;
}
void vnc_update(rfbClient* client,int x,int y,int w,int h) {
}
/**************************************************************/
/* media file output */
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int i,j;
/* Initialize vnc client structure (don't connect yet). */
client = rfbGetClient(5,3,2);
client->format.redShift=11; client->format.redMax=31;
client->format.greenShift=5; client->format.greenMax=63;
client->format.blueShift=0; client->format.blueMax=31;
/* Initialize libavcodec, and register all codecs and formats. */
#if LIBAVUTIL_VERSION_MAJOR < 56 /* deprecrated in FFMPEG 4.0 */
av_register_all();
#endif
/* Parse command line. */
for(i=1;i<argc;i++) {
j=i;
if(argc>i+1 && !strcmp("-o",argv[i])) {
filename=argv[i+1];
j+=2;
} else if(argc>i+1 && !strcmp("-t",argv[i])) {
max_time=atol(argv[i+1]);
if (max_time < 10 || max_time > 100000000) {
fprintf(stderr, "Warning: Nonsensical time-per-file %li, resetting to default.\n", max_time);
max_time = 0;
}
j+=2;
}
/* This is so that argc/argv are ready for passing to rfbInitClient */
if(j>i) {
argc-=j-i;
memmove(argv+i,argv+j,(argc-i)*sizeof(char*));
i--;
}
}
/* default filename. */
if (!filename) {
fprintf(stderr, "Warning: No filename specified. Using output.mp4\n");
filename = "output.mp4";
}
/* open VNC connection. */
if(!rfbInitClient(client,&argc,argv)) {
printf("usage: %s [-o output_file] [-t seconds-per-file] server:port\n", argv[0]);
return 1;
}
/* main loop */
clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &start_time);
while(!quit) {
int i=WaitForMessage(client,10000/framerate); /* useful for timeout to be no more than 10 msec per second (=10000/framerate usec) */
if (i>0) {
} else if (i<0) {
}
if (!quit) {
clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &cur_time);
write_video_frame(oc, &video_st, time_to_pts(framerate, &start_time, &cur_time));
if ((cur_time.tv_sec - start_time.tv_sec) > max_time && max_time > 0) {
}
}
}
movie_close(&oc,&video_st);
return 0;
}